Terms and Conditions

Last updated: April 2020


Account Registration

To utilize the Services, or certain portions thereof, you may be required to complete a registration and submission process and establish a ParaLead account (“Account”). You represent and warrant that all information provided by you is current, accurate, and complete, and that you will maintain the accuracy and completeness of this information on a prompt, timely basis. It is your responsibility to inform ParaLead of any changes to that information. Each registration is for a single individual only, unless specifically designated otherwise on the registration page. ParaLead does not permit a) anyone other than you to use the sections requiring registration by using your name and password; or b) access through a single name being made available to multiple users on a network or otherwise. As a registered user of the Services, ParaLead grants to you a non-transferable, non-exclusive and revocable license to use the Services according to these Terms. Except as expressly granted herein or in any other agreement you have with ParaLead, you acquire no right, title or license in the Services or any content or submission accessed from or incorporated in the Services.

Password and Security

As a registered user of ParaLead, you may receive or establish one or more passwords. You are solely responsible for maintaining the confidentiality and security of your password(s) and ParaLead Account(s). ParaLead is in no way liable for any claims or losses related to the use or misuse of your password or account due to the activities of any third party outside of our control or due to your failure to maintain their confidentiality and security. Any accounts you create are not transferrable. You agree to notify ParaLead immediately if you become aware of any unauthorized use of your ParaLead Account(s).


Personal Use Only

The Services are provided solely for personal, non-commercial use. You may not take any material from this website and reformat, repost, or redisplay it for commercial purpose. You may not reformat, repost, or redisplay any material from this website for non-commercial purposes provided however that (i) you may redisplay the title, author and/or abstract for an individual document included in the ParaLead eLibrary, together with a link to that document's public abstract page on ParaLead; (ii) you may exercise any additional rights granted directly by the author or other valid copyright holder, and (iii) you may cite or quote individual ParaLead usage statistics, rankings, citations, and similar information with acknowledgment of the source, date, and URL for this information. These exceptions for noncommercial use apply only to specific documents and use of- specific ParaLead-provided statistics and other information. They do not convey any rights to reproduce or otherwise make use of all or a significant part of the ParaLead eLibrary or ParaLead-provided information, or all or a significant part of a category of the ParaLead eLibrary or ParaLead-provided information.

Contributed Content

Contributed content should be relevant to the subject scope of ParaLead. Content may not be illegal, obscene, defamatory, threatening, infringing of intellectual property rights, invasive of privacy or otherwise injurious or objectionable. ParaLead does not pre-screen or regularly review any contributed content, but ParaLead has the right (though not the obligation) to monitor submissions to determine compliance with these Terms and any operating rules to satisfy any law, regulation, or authorized government request.

Copyright and Trade Marks

When you provide material to ParaLead, ParaLead asks you to confirm that doing so does not violate other parties' copyright or other proprietary rights. Accordingly, you may only post versions of academic papers or articles (“Academic Papers”), journal articles, or other content on ParaLead if you have the right to do so. By way of example, while many journal publishers permit posting of some versions of Academic Papers, most journals restrict the sharing of final versions. To be sure you have the right to upload such content, you should review your publishing agreement, the publisher’s copyright policies, and/or any other applicable information prior to posting any version of an Academic Paper. You may post your paper to ParaLead only if you are the copyright owner, have the copyright owner’s permission, are permitted to do so under your publishing agreement or the publisher’s copyright policies or your institution’s license agreement or under a Creative Commons license.

Certain services made available via paralead.com are delivered by third party sites and organizations. By using any product, service or functionality originating from the paralead.com domain, you hereby acknowledge and consent that ParaLead may share such information and data with any third party with whom ParaLead has a contractual relationship to provide the requested product, service or functionality on behalf of ParaLead users and customers.

License to ParaLead

Users grant to ParaLead (and those we work with) a limited, non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty free, revocable license to perform the Services. By contributing content to ParaLead, you grant ParaLead a non-exclusive, royalty-free, perpetual, worldwide, revocable license to use your content in connection with the Services, including, without limitation, the rights to copy, distribute, transmit, publicly display, print, allow others to print, publicly perform, reproduce, edit, translate, and reformat your digital and non-digital content, and/or to incorporate it into a collective work.

Except as otherwise provided herein or in any additional terms for a product or the Services, we do not claim ownership of any content, application or other material that you or third parties provide to us (including feedback and suggestions) or post, upload, input or submit on or through the Services, including our blog pages, message boards, comment or discussion features, chat rooms and forums, for review by the general public, registered users of the Services or by the members of any public or private community “Submission”), and you retain ownership of any intellectual property rights that you hold in the Submission. We are not responsible for the content, accuracy or compliance with relevant laws or regulations of any Submission that contains content that is not owned by ParaLead.

ParaLead Ownership and Rights

All materials on ParaLead are the copyright of ParaLead or are reproduced with permission from other copyright owners. All rights are reserved. The materials on this web site may be retrieved and downloaded solely for personal non-commercial use. No materials may otherwise be copied, modified, published, broadcast or otherwise distributed. Distributed Autonomous Journal, DAJ, ParaLead, DistributedJournal, DAJournal and/or any other names of products or services provided by ParaLead or referred to on this web site are either trademarks or registered trademarks of ParaLead.

Community Participation Browsing

You understand that the abstracts made available via the Website are the work of individual authors and do not necessarily represent the view of ParaLead. ParaLead assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, suitability, or completeness of any content provided.


ParaLead welcomes you to link to the Services. You may establish a hypertext link to the Services, provided that the link does not state or imply any sponsorship or endorsement of your site, company, product, and/or service by ParaLead. You may not use on your site any trademarks, service marks, or copyrighted materials appearing on the Services, including but not limited to any logos, without the express written consent or an explicit license of the owner of the mark or right. You may not frame or otherwise incorporate into another site any of the content or other materials on the Services without prior written consent of ParaLead.

You understand that ParaLead has not and cannot review all material made available through websites linked or linking to any part of this site. You also understand that no such linking implies in any way that ParaLead endorses or is affiliated with any third-party website. You agree that ParaLead bears no responsibility or liability for any content accessed or harm caused from any third-party website.

User Representations and Warranties

By posting any content, you represent and warrant that you have all right, title, and interest to such posted content, including but not limited to any consent, authorization, release, clearance or license from any third party (such as, but not limited to, any release related to rights of privacy or publicity) necessary for you to provide, post, upload, input or submit the content, and that posting such content does not violate or constitute the infringement of any patent, copyright, trademark, trade secret, right of privacy, right of publicity, moral rights, or other intellectual property right recognized by any applicable jurisdiction of any person or entity, or otherwise constitute the breach of any agreement with any other person or entity. You represent and warrant that you will not use any software, which sends repeated queries to ParaLead, or otherwise send automated queries of any sort to ParaLead. You further represent and warrant that you shall not make any Submission anonymously, that you are who you say you are, that you have not submitted fictitious, false or inaccurate information about yourself, and that all information contained in the posted content is true, original and your own work or work you are authorized to submit, and that the posted content does not contain any threatening, harassing, libelous, false, defamatory, offensive, obscene, or pornographic, material, or other material that would violate any other applicable law or regulation. You agree that you will not knowingly and with intent to defraud provide material and misleading information. You represent and warrant that the content you supply does not violate the Terms. You agree to comply with relevant laws and regulations that apply to your use of the Services.


You acknowledge and agree to indemnify and hold ParaLead, its affiliates, officers, employees and agents, harmless, including costs and attorneys' fees, from any claim or demand made by any third party due to or arising out of your use of ParaLead or the Services, your violation of these Terms, or the infringement by you or made under your account, of any intellectual property or other right of any person or entity.

Complaints/Failure to Comply with these Terms of Use

To raise complaints regarding alleged copyright or other intellectual property infringement, you must follow the instructions set forth on the Copyright and Intellectual Property Policy page. For publishing ethics issues such as plagiarism, please contact us at [email protected], and for all other complaints about the use of our Site or Submissions posted to our Site, please contact us at [email protected] We request that you provide a sufficiently detailed description of the basis of your complaint and your contact information in case additional information is necessary. We will then review your complaint and decide whether there has been a failure to comply with our Terms. We will inform you of the outcome of our review within a reasonable time of receiving your complaint.

If we receive a complaint from someone else about something that you have posted or uploaded, we will investigate the complaint carefully, following the procedures determined above. Similarly, if we ourselves consider that you have not complied with these Terms, we will investigate. In either case, if we determine, in our sole discretion and judgment, that you have failed to comply with these Terms, we reserve the right at any time to take all or any of the following actions (and any other action we reasonably deem appropriate): issue a warning to you; temporary or permanent removal of any posting or Submission uploaded by you to our Site; temporary or permanent withdrawal of your right to use our Site and/or closure of your account; legal action against you including proceedings for reimbursement of all costs on an indemnity basis (including, but not limited to, reasonable administrative and legal costs) resulting from the breach; and/or disclosure of such information to law enforcement authorities or to a third party complainant as we reasonably feel is necessary or required (and in exceptional circumstances and only where we consider a complaint is justified, this may include disclosure of your identity to the complainant); and/or use any technological, legal, operational or other means available to us to enforce the provisions of these Terms.

General Terms

Termination of Service

ParaLead disclaims all responsibility and liability for the availability, timeliness, security or reliability of the Services or any software provided through the Services. ParaLead reserves the right to modify, suspend, or discontinue the Services or access to the Services without any notice at any time and without any liability to you.

Extent of Terms

The Terms apply to use of and contribution to ParaLead and any account provided therefore. ParaLead may operate additional projects or services that require separate or additional terms. Such different terms are made available through the individual project or service and are not addressed further herein. If there is a conflict between these Terms and the terms that are posted for or applicable to a specific portion of the Services, for any service offered on or through the Services, or set forth in an institutional subscription or license agreement, the latter terms shall control with respect to your use of that portion of the Services, the specific service or the subscribed or licensed product.

No Waiver of Terms

Failure of ParaLead to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms shall not be deemed a waiver of such right or provision in that or any other instance. No part of these Terms shall be deemed waived, and no breach consented to, unless such waiver or consent shall be in writing and signed by the party claimed to have waived or consented. No waiver of any rights or consent to any breaches shall constitute a waiver of any other rights or consent to any other breach.

Abstract Usage Statistics and Automated Querying

ParaLead strives to maintain the integrity of the ParaLead download counts and other usage statistics as a measure of readership and other use of the ParaLead site by authors and readers. It is a violation of ParaLead policy for an author or other person to directly or indirectly use ParaLead with a view to affecting ParaLead downloads and other usage statistics, or to encourage others to do so. As part of its general right to refuse or terminate service and remove or edit site content, ParaLead reserves the right in its sole discretion to limit access, remove content, and adjust usage statistics to respond to any activity that appears likely to have such an effect.

Export Controls

Where the Services, its content or any Submission consist of software that is subject to US, EU, or any other Export Controls, you represent and warrant that (i) you are not located in a country that is subject to a U.S. Government, EU or other embargo, or that has been designated by the U.S. Government or the EU as a “terrorist supporting” country; and (ii) you are not listed on any U.S. Government, EU or any other list of prohibited or restricted parties.